Simple Past/Past Perfect

1.The teacher checked our essays by last Saturday.
2.She opened the door and saw that someone had turned everything upside down.
3.Tom didn’t go to bed until he cleaned his teeth.
4.She said that she had seen that film didn’t want to see it again.
5.When I loiked at him I thought that I had met him somewhere before.
6.We hadn’t had breakfast when she arrived.
7.We couldn’t pass the border because we had left our passports at home.
8.After he read all the names on the list, he realized that he hadn’t passed the test.
9.When she came home it seemed to him that something bad had happened.
10.When I arrived at the airport, I discovered that I had forgotten to bring the passport



New words and phrasal verbs

Get up-արթնանալ

Give in-հանձնվել

Give up-հրաժարվել,թողնել,դադարել

Grow up-մեծանալ

Grow out-շորերեը փոքրանալ

Get along/on-լեզու գտնել

Get through-ավարտել,անցնել մի բանի միջով

Find out-պարզել,ճշտել

Feel down-ընկճված լինել

Fall behinde-հետ մնալ

Drop in-մտնել,այցելել

Drift apart-հեռացնել իրարից

Bring up-դաստիարակել

Break up-դադարել,բաժանվել

Bring together-միացնել

Let down-հուսախաբ անել

Look after-խնամել

Look out-զգույշ լինել

Look up-փնտրել տեղեկություն (բառարանուն)

Look for-փնտրել

Look forward to-անհամբերությամբ սպասել

I never get up before nine.                              John gives in the police himself.
You should give up eating bunnies.
He rarely saw his father while he was growing up.
She seems to get on with everybody.
You should get thorough to the shop center to get to the pharmacy.
You ought to find out from this situation.
I feel me down when I’m lonely.
Sheep falls behinds from the flock.
After lessons Elves drops in his friend.
Babysitter can’t brings up many babes in the same time.
Men doesn’t wanna breaks up from his memories.
Kind people bring together family which have lost some of his members.
You’ve really let me down.
It’s hard work looking after three children all day.
I had to look the word up in a dictionary.
Nicole was looking for way to solving his problem.
Michael is looking forward to his birthday.


This morning I bought a newspaper and a magazine. The newspaper is in my bag, but I can’t remember were I put the magazine.
I so an accident this morning. The car crashed in to tree. The driver of the car wasn’t hurt, but the car was badly damaged.
There are two cars parked outside: a blue one and a gray one. The blue one belongs to my neighbors;I don’t now who the owner of the grey one is.
My friends live in the old house in the small village. There is a beautiful garden behind the house. I’d like to have a garden like that.

This house is very nice . Has it got a garden?
It’s a beautiful day . Let’s sit in the garden.
I like living in this house , but it’s a shame that the garden is so small.
Can you recommend a good restaurant ?
We had dinner in the very nice restaurant .
We had dinner in the best restaurant in town.
She has a French name , but in fact she’s English , not French .
What’s a name of that man we met yesterday?
We stayed at a very nice hotel — I can’t remember the name now.
There isn’t an airport near where I live. The nearest airport is 70 miles away.
Our flight was delayed we had to wait at the airport for three hours.
Excuse me ,please. Can you tell me how to get to the airport?
Are you going away next week? No, the week after next.
I’m going away for a week in September. Gary has a part-time job. He works three morning a week.


By the time they found him,he had died.
He died many years ago.
By that time,evrybody was a sleep.
She told me that something had happened.
I hadnt thought about it untill you mentioned it.
She recgnized him at once.
I saw him yesterday.
He was born in 1960.
I didn’t get enough time to finish the job.
When I arrived at the party,evrybody had gone home.
I wondered who had let the cat in.
I thgought I had sent the money.


Benjamin: «I often have a big hamburger.»
Benjamin says (that) .
Benjamin says,that he often have a big hamburger.
Hannah: «They live in Boston.»
Hannah said (that)
Hannah said,she lives in Boston.
Tyler: «Ian doesn’t invite girls to his parties.»
Tyler told me (that)
Tyler told me,that lan didn’t invite girls to his parties.
Dominic: «She understands Japanese.»
Dominic remarks (that)
Dominic remarks,that he understood Japanese.
Sophia: «Bella doesn’t collect stickers.»
Sophia explains (that)
Sophia explains,that Bella didn’t collect stickers.
Robert: «Dennis often downloads the latest tunes.»
Robert added (that) .
Robert added,that Dennis often downloaded the latest tunes.
Olivia: «Leroy is out riding his new waveboard today.»
Olivia explained (that)
Olivia explained,that Leroys was out riding his new waveboard today.
Luke: «I don’t know what to do.»
Luke added (that) .
Luke added,that he didn’t know what to do.
Lily: «Mr Jones is rude to Samantha.»
Lily thinks (that) .
Lily thinks,that Mr Jones was rude to Samantha.
James and David: «We have to go now.»
James and David tell me (that
James and David tell me,that they had to go now


15 interesting facts about Swizerland

1. Switzerland was originally called Helvetia.

2. The official name of Switzerland is Confoederatio Helvetica in Latin.

3. Switzerland produces the most chocolate in the world.

4. The Swiss eat more chocolate compared to any other country.

5. The total area of Switzerland is 41,277 sq km.

6. Switzerland is the only country that has a square flag.

7. Switzerland has more than 1,500 lakes.

8. Switzerland’s highest point is the Dufour Peak at 15,199 feet height.

9. Swiss chocolate makers Henri ‘Nestle’ and ‘Daniel Peter’ invented milk chocolate.

10. Teaching in Switzerland is one of the uppermost paid professions.

11. They have four official languages: French, Italian, Romansch, and German.

12. Jean-Henri Dunant, a Swiss businessman and the founder of the International Committee of the Red Cross, received the very first Nobel Peace Prize in 1901.

13. Switzerland is one of the world’s leading exporters of chocolate.

14. The capital of Switzerland is Bern.

15. Their largest city is Zurich.


10 interesting facts about USA

10. 80% of the land in the state of Nevada is owned by the government.

9. 100 acres of pizza are served in the United States every day!

8. Its flag was designed by a high school student.

7. Its capital was originally New York City.

6. The United States uses 18% of the world’s energy.

5. There is no official language.

4. At some point, 1 out of every 8 Americans will work for McDonald’s.

3.Alaska has, by far, the longest coastline of any state.

2. The United States invented the internet.

1. It has the biggest economy in the world.



Please choose the correct, most natural-sounding response to complete each of the following sentences:

1. P1: Would you have told her truth? P2: No, I would have lied (to lie)
would have lied
would lie
will lie

2. If he asks me to come, I will. (to ask)
would ask

3. I really thought that my team would win. (to win)
will win
would have won
would win

4. They would have won if they had played better. (to play)
had played
will play
have played

5. If you slept more, you wouldn’t be so tired. (to sleep)
will sleep
had slept

6. If you hadn’t told him, he would never found out (to find out)
will never find out
would have never found out
never finds out

7. If I need money next week, I will borrow it from my brother (to borrow)
will borrow
would borrow

8. I will be here if you need me. (to be)
would be
will be
would have been

9. I wouldnt have laughed if I had known it was such a sensitive topic. (to laugh)
didn’t laugh
wouldn’t have laughed

10. If John loved Betty, he would marry her. (to love)
would love




The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States(U.S. or US) or America, is a countrycomposed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.At 3.8 million square miles (9.8 million km2), the United States is the world’s third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe’s 3.9 million square miles (10.1 million km2). With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital’s federal district are contiguousin North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world’s 17 megadiverse countries.



Ernest Hemingway

Ernest Hemingway(1899-1961), born in Oak Park, Illinois, started his career as a writer in a newspaper office in Kansas City at the age of seventeen. After the United States entered the First World War, he joined a volunteer ambulance unit in the Italian army. Serving at the front, he was wounded, was decorated by the Italian Government, and spent considerable time in hospitals. After his return to the United States, he became a reporter for Canadian and American newspapers and was soon sent back to Europe to cover such events as the Greek Revolution.

During the twenties, Hemingway became a member of the group of expatriate Americans in Paris, which he described in his first important work, The Sun Also Rises (1926). Equally successful was A Farewell to Arms (1929), the study of an American ambulance officer’s disillusionment in the war and his role as a deserter. Hemingway used his experiences as a reporter during the civil war in Spain as the background for his most ambitious novel, For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940). Among his later works, the most outstanding is the short novel, The Old Man and the Sea (1952), the story of an old fisherman’s journey, his long and lonely struggle with a fish and the sea, and his victory in defeat.


Write the words and phrases in the lists.Then add three more to each list.

Hobbies and interests-dancing,playing the guitar.
Housework-doing the ironing,cleaning the windows,tidying up.

Complete the sentences.Use the present simple or present continuous form of the verbs

1.My mum usualy works in London,but this week she ‘s working in New York.
2.I am readind a magazine at the moment.It’s strange, because I don’t usually read magazines.

Complete the sentences.Use the -ing form of the verbs in the box.

1.My brother diesn’t like playing games.
2.My sister loves riding her bike.
3.My dad enjoys runing on the beach.
4.I love talking to my friends on the phone.
5.We love going to football matches at the weekend.

Complete the sentences.Use the present simple form of the verbs.

1.My friends hate sport.
2.You take good photograps.
3.Mrs Jameson teaches us English.
4.My father flies to France twice a year.
5.My mum reads a lot of books.
6.We go to school at 8.30 in the morning.

Complete the sentences with sime or any.

1.I want to buy some food, but I didn’t have any money.
2.A:Have we got some homework tonight?
B:Yes,we’ve got any grammar exercises
to di.
3.Mario bought any new socks last week,but didn’t buy some shoes.
4.A:Let’s listen to any music.
B:Ok.Did you bring some CDs?
5.I’d like to make any sandwiches.The problem is I’ve got some chees,but I haven’t got some butter.

Circle the correct words in questions 1-6 .Then match the questions with the answers.

1.Is there much milk in the fridge?
2.How many potatoes do you want?
3.How much time have we got?
4.Are there many people in the cafe?
5.How much subjects do you study?
6.How much money have you got

Use the words to complete the sentences.

1There was such a strong wind that some trees fell down.
2The castle on that hill burnt down because it was struck by laitining.
3There was heavy rain for three days- the streets looked like rivers.
4It didn’t really rain very hard — it was only a .
5We didn’t sit on the beach after 11am.There was to much and it was too .
6I’ve just heard some from far away.I think there’ll be a storm sonn.
7I couldn’t see anything from my window this morning — it was really outside!

Circle the correct words.

1)She’s buying some fruit at the supermarket.

2)Can I have an orange, please?

3)I can’t buy it.I haven’t got much money.

4)How many tomatoes have we got?

5)Many people live in this city.

6)If you want something to eat,some sandwich.

7)We’we got some eggs,but we haven’t got much bread.

8)We haven’t got any apples today.Would you like any carrots?

9)Our teacher never gives us any homework before the weekend.She’s great!

Complete the sentences with will or wan’t

1 My train is running late, so I wan’t be home before seven o’clock.

2 Julie isn’t  feeling well.I don’t think she won’t go to school today.

3 He’s a really good actor.I’m sure he will become famous one day.

4 We can go to the beach tomorrow.I’m sure it will rain.

5 What do you think? Will you go to university?

6 James is in London,so he won’t be at the party tonight.

7 It’s quite hot today.I think I will go swimming this afternoon.

8 Tom’s always so nice.He won’t get angry when he finds out.

9A:Will you come to the match tomorrow?

B:Sorry,but I don’t think I won’t have time.I will come to the one next week.

10A:Pat won’t be happy when she sees that you have broken her computer.

B:I know:I will tell her what happened as soon as thr she comes home.

Circle the correct words

1 My parents are angry because I didn’t do the washing-up.

2 Our team lost yesterday.Everyone played bad.

3 Last week’s test was easily.

4 My sister sings well.

5 Hurry up,jill!Why are you warking so slow?

6 Last night I heard a loud noise outside my room.

7 It was a slow journey and we arrived very late.

8 The players were all too slowly that’s why we lost the match.

9 His mum works so hard — she’s hardly at home.

Complete the sentences with will or won’t.

1)My train is running late,so I won’t be home before seven o’clock.
2)Julie isn’t feeling well.I don’t think she will go to school today.
3)He’s a really good actor.I’m sure he won’t become famous one day.
4)We can go to the beach tomorrow.I’m sure it won’t rain.
5)What do yo think?Will yuo got university?
6)James is in London,so he will be at the party tonight.
7)It’s quite hot today.I think I won’t go swimming this afternoon
8)Tom’s always so nice.He will get angry when he finds out.
9)A:Will you come to the match tomorrow?
B:Sorry,but I don’t think I won’t have time.I will come to the one next week.

Complete the sentences with the expressions in the box.Use the correct form of the verbs.You can check with the list of irregular verbs on page 127.

1)My Mother was very tried last night.She went to bed at nine o’clock.
2)Sometimes I go to bed at ten.Then I read a book for an hour and I wake up at about eleven.
3)Last night Lucy daydream about winning the lottery.
4)Please talk quietly.The baby be asleep.
5)I didn’t sleeap at all last night.I all night.
6)This morning I at six o’clock,but I’m lazy,so I stayed in bed and I at eight.
7)Nick doesn’t listen to the teacher.He about being a famous singer.

Complete the sentences with should or shouldn’t.

1)You shouldn’t eat a lot of fried food.
2)I should do more exercise.I’d like to be fitter.
3)When you wait for a bus in Britain, you shouldn’t stand in the queue.
4)They shouldn’t get some exercise.They should speed so much time in front of the computer.
5)You look great!You should worry about losing weight!
6)Maria is felling ill.Shouldn’t we take her to the doctor?

Complete the sentences with if or when.

1.I’m seeing Marta tomorrow.I’ll ask her about the book when I meet her.
2.A:What are you doing tomorrow.
B:If there’s a good film on,I’ll probably go to the cinema.
3.I’m not sure if I want to go to the disco tonight.But when I decide to go,I’ll
phone you.
4.It’s to hot out in the sun now.Let’s play tennis in the evening.If it’s cooler.


Underline the correct word,then explain in your mother tongue:

1.My friend’s name is Mike.
2.His cousins’ names are Jean and Chris.
3.Our childrens’ names are Catherine and Paula.
4.My brother’s name is Mark.
5.My brother’s names are Ben and Tom.
6.This is the lady’s dress.
7.Look at the roof of the house.

Underline the correct word as in the example:

1.Mark is their cousin.
2.This is our car.It’s ours.
3.These are Mary’s books.
They’re hers.
4.Blue is my favourite colour.
5.You can’t have this book.It isn’t yours.
6.Her house is big.
7.Is this your coat?No,it isn’t mine.
8.Are these pens Liz and Bob’s?
9.This is Father’s car.It’s ours.
10.That is our house.It’s ours.


Complete the sentences with if or when.

1.I’m seeing Marta tomorrow.I’ll ask her about the book when I meet her.
2.A:What are you doing tomorrow?
B:If there’s a good film on,I’ll probably go to the cinema.
3.I’m not sure if I want to go to the disco tonight.But if I decide to go,I’ll phone you.
4.It’s too hot out in the sun now.Let’s play tennis in the evening.When it’s cooler.


Fill in a,ab or the where necessary .
1.This is an egg.
2.Where is the post office?
3. Lucy’s uncle is a teacher.
4.Julie has got an orange.
5.This is the way to school.
6.It’s a long way to the office.
7.There are a lot of flowers in the garden.
8.The Italians like spaghetti.


Choose the correct item.

1.This is our teacher.
2.Claire is form Paris.
3.These are Ann’s pencils.
4.The children are in the garden.
5.Those shoes are mine.
6.There’s me man at the door.
7.Look at her!She’s a singer.
8.I can see two babies.
9.This is the lady’s bag.
10.There’s a loaf of bread on the table.
11.Paul is their brither.
12.There are stars in the sk


Make the sentences interrogative.

Am I playing computer games?
Is Jane sitting on the sofa?
Are they going to school now?
Are you playing with your doll?
Are I and my friend reading now?
Are the girls and the boys working in the garden?

I am not playing computer games.
Jane is not sitting on the sofa.
They are not going to scholl now.
You are not playing with your doll.
My friend and I are not reading now.
The boys and the girls are not working in the garden.

Топик Cinema — Films топик

Cinema plays an important role in the life of any society. The cinema has become part of the modern way of life. There is no denying the fact that the cinema is an excellent vehicle of culture. Its possibilities are unlimited. In the earliest years of the cinema its power to show contemporary events was recognized and appreciated. More than anything else this unique quality secured popularity for the film as a new form of instruction and entertainment. That’s why the cinema is considered to be one of the best ways of spending their leisure time.

There are a lot of different kinds of films: feature films, theatrical films, horror films, thriller films, popular science films, travelogues, mystery films, documentaries, animated cartoon films. Besides, the films may be color or black and white, full-length or short, sound or silent, dubbed in mother tongue, three-dimensional or wide-screen.

We can see films either in the cinema or on the TV. As I am often short of time, I have practically no time for going to the cinema. For this reason I see films on television more frequently. But sometimes I manage to go to the cinema. I prefer feature films and amusing comedies. It’s a pity the life is so difficult nowadays and I want to relax a little, sometimes even to laugh. But at the same time I am fond of true-to-life films describing the life of the ordinary people, their feelings and problems. Such films move me deeply, they arouse the feelings of sympathy or hatred for the heroes. As a rule such films leave a deep and lasting impression upon me.

A modern cinema program contains a newsreel which shows us pictures of important recent developments. It is usually shown before a feature film and it’s often worth seeing. Sometimes they show animated cartoon film at seeing which the audience is in a state of excitement from the beginning to the end. Especially I like Walt Disney’s cartoons “Duck Tales”, or “Vinnie-the-Pooh’s Adventures”. In my opinion the animated cartoon films are popular both with children and adults.
Showing the educational films is arranged mainly for schoolchildren and students.

In Great Britain and the USA the cinemas (“movies” as they often call them) sell more than one billion tickets a year. Movies are also shown on television and can be rented or purchased as a DVD-recorder. People in these countries are equipped with video recorders in their majority. Although people once feared that television would ruin movie industry, movie popularity has soared in recent years in these countries. Attending movies is a relatively inexpensive leisure time activity that is very popular.


Fill in the blanks with am,is,are.

The window is open.
Cats are small animals.
I am in the classroom.
We are pupils.
The baby is in bed.
You are a teacher.
Tom and Jimmy are friends.
They are at school now.
Our family is in the dining-room.
He us in the playground.


Choose the correct form of the verb.

1.Mary hurries to school every morning.
2.We speak English very well.
3.The man lives in a big house.
4.I drink milk every morning.
5.My father reads newspapers every morning.
6.My father gives Bob money every week.
7.Cats eat mice.
8.A teacher works hard.
9.I clean my teeth every morning.
10.The shopkeeper opens his shop at nine o’clock.